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The Arctic in International Law and Policy

Author : ,

ISBN10 : 1509915796

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

Number of Pages : 1680

Category : Law

Viewed : 994


Book Summary: The Arctic is an increasingly important region faced with major challenges caused not only by the effects of climate change, but also by a growing interest in its living and non-living resources, its attraction as a new destination for tourism, and as a route for navigation. It is not only the eight Arctic States that have paid an increased level of attention to the region; several non-Arctic actors from Asia and Europe also seek to gain more influence in the High North. At the same time, the evolving law and policy architecture for the Arctic region has recently played a more prominent role in the political and academic debate. Unlike Antarctica, where the coherent Antarctic Treaty System governs international cooperation, the legal regime of Arctic affairs is based on public international law, domestic law, and 'soft law'. These three pillars intersect and interact making Arctic governance multi-faceted and highly complex. This book provides an analytical introduction, a chronology of legally relevant events, and a selection of essential materials covering a wide range of issues-eg delineation and delimitation of maritime boundaries, environmental protection, indigenous peoples' rights, shipping, and fisheries. Included are multilateral and bilateral treaties, UN documents, official statements, informal instruments, domestic laws, and diplomatic correspondence.

Precambrian Geology

Author : Alan M. Goodwin

ISBN10 : 1483288552

Publisher : Elsevier

Number of Pages : 666

Category : Science

Viewed : 1534


Book Summary: The main goal of this book is to provide a modern comprehensive statement on the Earth's Precambrian crust. It uses geographic and tectonic location, lithostratigraphy, geochronology, and petrogenesis as a basis for considering Precambrian coastal evolution--including the role of plate tectonics. Detailed consideration is given to the endogenic and exogenic processes which formed the continental crust and also to its subsequent secular evolution across Precambrian time**An essential reference volume for every Precambrian geologist.

Picroilmenite in Kimberlites and Titanomagnetites of the Yakutian Diamond-Bearing Province

Author : Shamil Ibragimov,Dilyara Kuzina,Sergey Mishenin,Timur Zakirov

ISBN10 : 3030281841

Publisher : Springer Nature

Number of Pages : 92

Category : Science

Viewed : 881


Book Summary: This book examines picroilmenites and their ferromagnetic behavior in the kimberlites from the Yakut diamondiferous province. Picroilmenites are minerals used to identify the location of diamonds. The author shows a solid interpretation of the magnetic-mineralogical analysis of ferromagnetic minerals based on a large number of experimental data and modeling of the magnetic state. He also presents the problems of the variability of the composition of picroilmenites from various kimberlite pipes. Furthermore, this book proposes a method to estimate the distribution of the decay structures dimensions, according to the thermomagnetic analysis and coercive spectra of titanomagnetites with the magnetite-ulvospinel decomposition structures. This book will be useful for students and researchers working in the field of rock magnetism, as well as geologists and geophysicists.

Precambrian Geology of the USSR

Author : D.V. Rundqvist,F.P. Mitrofanov

ISBN10 : 9780080869087

Publisher : Elsevier

Number of Pages : 527

Category : Science

Viewed : 1506


Book Summary: This volume draws together and generalises new geological, geochronological, petrological and geophysical material for the two fundamental continental geostructures within the USSR - ancient cratons and Phanerozoic fold belts. It provides a complete Precambrian history for each tectonic province or "geoblock", with emphasis on the early Precambrian as opposed to the late. The characteristics of lithological-structural complexes and their correlations are presented in detail. Analysis of the sedimentary, magmatic and metamorphic processes is provided, paying special attention to the sequence of their evolution and isotopic data. This work will be of interest to geologists concerned with the problems of structure and evolution of the Precambrian lithology.

Illusions of Victory

Author : Carter Malkasian

ISBN10 : 0190659432

Publisher : Oxford University Press

Number of Pages : 240

Category : Political Science

Viewed : 882


Book Summary: In the immediate aftermath of the 2007 "Surge" of American troops in Iraq, the defeat of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) in Anbar Province was widely hailed as one of America's signature victories. US Marines and soldiers fought for years there, in grinding battles such as Fallujah and Ramadi that define the experience of Iraq. Eventually, the fractious tribal sheiks in that province, with the help of American troops, united in an "Awakening" that dealt AQI a stunning defeat. The Awakening's success argued that the United States could intervene in a war-torn country and, with the right strategy, bring stability and peace. It seemed to exemplify snatching victory from the jaws of defeat. A decade later, the situation in Anbar Province is dramatically different. In 2014, much of Anbar fell to the AQI's successor organization, the Islamic State, which swept through the region with shocking ease. In Illusions of Victory, Carter Malkasian looks at the wreckage to explain why the Awakening's initial promise proved misleading and why victory was unsustainable. Malkasian begins by tracing the origins of the Awakening, then turns his attention to what happened in its wake. After the United States left, Iraq's Shi'a government sidelined Sunni leaders throughout the country. AQI, brought back to life as the Islamic State, expanded in northern and western Iraq and quickly found a receptive audience among marginalized Sunnis. In short order, the progress that had resulted from the Awakening fell apart. Malkasian draws many lessons from Anbar. Chief among them, the most stunning of victories may not last. The fact that the leading model of success fell apart severely damages the idea that the United States can send the military to a country for a few years and create lasting peace. Even the most successful example was bound to deeper social, sectarian, and religious forces insensitive to temporary boots on the ground. From today's perspective, rather than decisive success, Anbar exemplifies how intervention itself is a costly, long-term project. The most brilliant victory could not escape this wisdom.

American Sniper

Author : Chris Kyle,Scott McEwen,Jim DeFelice

ISBN10 : 006208237X

Publisher : Harper Collins

Number of Pages : 448

Category : Biography & Autobiography

Viewed : 1272


Book Summary: The #1 New York Times bestselling memoir of U.S. Navy Seal Chris Kyle, and the source for Clint Eastwood’s blockbuster movie which was nominated for six academy awards, including best picture. From 1999 to 2009, U.S. Navy SEAL Chris Kyle recorded the most career sniper kills in United States military history. His fellow American warriors, whom he protected with deadly precision from rooftops and stealth positions during the Iraq War, called him “The Legend”; meanwhile, the enemy feared him so much they named him al-Shaitan (“the devil”) and placed a bounty on his head. Kyle, who was tragically killed in 2013, writes honestly about the pain of war—including the deaths of two close SEAL teammates—and in moving first-person passages throughout, his wife, Taya, speaks openly about the strains of war on their family, as well as on Chris. Gripping and unforgettable, Kyle’s masterful account of his extraordinary battlefield experiences ranks as one of the great war memoirs of all time.

Care of Gastrointestinal Problems in the Older Adult

Author : Sue E. Meiner, EdD, APRN, BC, GNP

ISBN10 : 9780826118660

Publisher : Springer Publishing Company

Number of Pages : 272

Category : Medical

Viewed : 611


Book Summary: This book provides nurses with practical information on the most frequently encountered gastrointestinal disorders and problems found in the elderly ó from constipation, hemorrhoids, and diverticulosis to cancers of the GI tract. It was developed to provide greater depth of information than can be found in general nursing textbooks, and to tailor this information to the special needs of the elderly. Each chapter includes a definition of the condition, followed by its cause, normal and abnormal physiology, nursing care with attention to nursing diagnoses, interventions, medications, and alternative therapies (where appropriate). Health promotion, nutrition, and quality of life issues are included as an essential part of any plan of care for older adults.


Author : V. V. Beloussov

ISBN10 : 3642671764

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

Number of Pages : 330

Category : Science

Viewed : 611


Book Summary: Geotectonics has a special place among the geological dis ciplines. In addition to ideas based on firmly established facts that constitute lasting scientific values, geotectonics, as a generalizing branch of geology, embraces broad con structions that link the planet's deep interior with its sur face and are largely of a hypothetical character. The inter pretation of the most general matters of the structure and evolution of the globe varies not only from one generation of geologists to another, but even within one generation. The interpretation depends not only, and not so much, on the state of geological knowledge, as on the progress of the related sciences of geophysics and geochemistry. In trying to discover the deep-lying causes of tectonic processes, geotectonics has to unite the results of all the Earth sci ences, converting itself to some extent from a purely geologi cal science into a general physical geographic or geonomic science. The fluidity of the general ideas and the need for joint consideration of the geological, geophysical, and geochemi cal data to substantiate these ideas are the main difficulties facing the author of a textbook on geotectonics. There is undoubtedly, however, a need for a manual of this kind, particularly now when the literature on the various problems of geotectonics has grown so great and so varied in content that it is very difficult for the experienced researcher, let alone the student, to find his way.

Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages

Author : Christopher Moseley

ISBN10 : 1135796408

Publisher : Routledge

Number of Pages : 670

Category : Foreign Language Study

Viewed : 1777


Book Summary: The concern for the fast-disappearing language stocks of the world has arisen particularly in the past decade, as a result of the impact of globalization. This book appears as an answer to a felt need: to catalogue and describe those languages, making up the vast majority of the world's six thousand or more distinct tongues, which are in danger of disappearing within the next few decades. Endangerment is a complex issue, and the reasons why so many of the world's smaller, less empowered languages are not being passed on to future generations today are discussed in the book's introduction. The introduction is followed by regional sections, each authored by a notable specialist, combining to provide a comprehensive listing of every language which, by the criteria of endangerment set out in the introduction, is likely to disappear within the next few decades. These languages make up ninety per cent of the world's remaining language stocks. Each regional section comprises an introduction that deals with problems of language preservation peculiar to the area, surveys of known extinct languages, and problems of classification. The introduction is followed by a list of all known languages within the region, endangered or not, arranged by genetic affiliation, with endangered and extinct languages marked. This listing is followed by entries in alphabetical order covering each language listed as endangered. Useful maps are provided to pinpoint the more complex clusters of smaller languages in every region of the world. The Encyclopedia therefore provides in a single resource: expert analysis of the current language policy situation in every multilingual country and on every continent, detailed descriptions of little-known languages from all over the world, and clear alphabetical entries, region by region, of all the world's languages currently thought to be in danger of extinction. The Encyclopedia of the World’s Endangered Languages will be a necessary addition to all academic linguistics collections and will be a useful resource for a range of readers with an interest in development studies, cultural heritage and international affairs.

Groundwater around the World

Author : Jean Margat,Jac van der Gun

ISBN10 : 0203772148

Publisher : CRC Press

Number of Pages : 376

Category : Science

Viewed : 617


Book Summary: This book presents a unique and up-to-date summary of what is known about groundwater on our planet, from a global perspective and in terms of area-specific factual information. Unlike most textbooks on groundwater, it does not deal with theoretical principles, but rather with the overall picture that emerges as a result of countless observations,

Ore Deposits and Mantle Plumes

Author : Franco Pirajno

ISBN10 : 9401725020

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

Number of Pages : 556

Category : Science

Viewed : 1047


Book Summary: PERTH Western Australia March 2000 Increasingly explorationists are seeking to find new ore deposits in poorly prospected areas, be they geographically remote, such as in the Arctic, or geologically remote, such as those under sedimentary cover. Modern prospecting techniques, including low-detection-level geochemistry and the use of advanced geophysical instrumentation have greatly assisted explorers but fundamental to any soundly based exploration program remains an understanding of the geological framework of ore deposits. This allows the development of deposit models on macroscopic and mesoscopic scales. This book by Dr. Franeo Pirajno draws on his extensive and wide global experience. To set the scene for a discussion of ore deposit generation Franeo details the Earths internal structures and mantle dynamics. He then explores the impact of mantle plumes on the crust and in particular their role in the production of magmatic environments, and in continental scale rifting. This includes a descriptive section on magmatic provinces around the globe, which highlights the importance of plumes. Any study of Earth processes needs to take into account the effects of extraterrestrial bombardment, and in particular the results from the impacts of large bolides. The effects of these impacts on the atmosphere and on life have now been recognised as profound. It is likely that the effect ofthese impacts on the Earth's crust is as equally profound.

Climatic Change and Global Warming of Inland Waters

Author : Charles R. Goldman,Michio Kumagai,Richard D. Robarts

ISBN10 : 1118470613

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

Number of Pages : 496

Category : Science

Viewed : 596


Book Summary: Effects of global warming on the physical, chemical, ecologicalstructure and function and biodiversity of freshwater ecosystemsare not well understood and there are many opinions on how to adaptaquatic environments to global warming in order to minimize thenegative effects of climate change. Climatic Change andGlobal Warming of Inland Waters presents a synthesis of the latestresearch on a whole range of inland water habitats – lakes,running water, wetlands – and offers novel and timelysuggestions for future research, monitoring and adaptationstrategies. A global approach, offered in this book, encompasses systemsfrom the arctic to the Antarctic, including warm-water systems inthe tropics and subtropics and presents a unique and useful sourcefor all those looking for contemporary case studies andpresentation of the latest research findings and discussion ofmitigation and adaptation throughout the world. Edited by three of the leading limnologists in the field thisbook represents the latest developments with a focus not only onthe impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems but alsooffers a framework and suggestions for future management strategiesand how these can be implemented in the future. Limnologists, Climate change biologists, fresh water ecologists,palaeoclimatologists and students taking relevant courses withinthe earth and environmental sciences will find this bookinvaluable. The book will also be of interest to planners,catchment managers and engineers looking for solutions to broaderenvironmental problems but who need to consider freshwater ecology.

Impact Tectonics

Author : Christian Koeberl,Herbert Henkel

ISBN10 : 3540275487

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

Number of Pages : 552

Category : Science

Viewed : 1485


Book Summary: A collection of international contributions presenting current knowledge of impact tectonics, geological and geophysical investigations of terrestrial impact structures, and suggested new impact structures, resulting from the IMPACT program.

Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry

Author : Robert Clews

ISBN10 : 0128005297

Publisher : Academic Press

Number of Pages : 416

Category : Business & Economics

Viewed : 1867


Book Summary: This overview of project finance for the oil and gas industry covers financial markets, sources and providers of finance, financial structures, and capital raising processes. About US$300 billion of project finance debt is raised annually across several capital intensive sectors—including oil and gas, energy, infrastructure, and mining—and the oil and gas industry represents around 30% of the global project finance market. With over 25 year’s project finance experience in international banking and industry, author Robert Clews explores project finance techniques and their effectiveness in the petroleum industry. He highlights the petroleum industry players, risks, economics, and commercial/legal arrangements. With petroleum industry projects representing amongst the largest industrial activities in the world, this book ties together concepts and tools through real examples and aims to ensure that project finance will continue to play a central role in bringing together investors and lenders to finance these ventures. Combines the theory and practice of raising long-term funding for capital intensive projects with insights about the appeal of project finance to the international oil and gas industry Includes case studies and examples covering projects in the Arctic, East Africa, Latin America, North America, and Australia Emphasizes the full downstream value chain of the industry instead of limiting itself to upstream and pipeline project financing Highlights petroleum industry players, risks, economics, and commercial and legal arrangements

Thawing Permafrost

Author : J. van Huissteden

ISBN10 : 3030313794

Publisher : Springer Nature

Number of Pages : 508

Category : Science

Viewed : 1693


Book Summary: This book provides a cross-disciplinary overview of permafrost and the carbon cycle by providing an introduction into the geographical distribution of permafrost, with a focus on the distribution of permafrost and its soil carbon reservoirs. The chapters explain the basic physical properties and processes of permafrost soils: ice, mineral and organic components, and how these interact with climate, vegetation and geomorphological processes. In particular, the book covers the role of the large quantities of ice in many permafrost soils which are crucial to understanding carbon cycle processes. An explanation is given on how permafrost becomes loaded with ice and carbon. Gas hydrates are also introduced. Structures and processes formed by the intense freeze-thaw action in the active layer are considered (e.g. ice wedging, cryoturbation), and the processes that occur as the permafrost thaws, (pond and lake formation, erosion). The book introduces soil carbon accumulation and decomposition mechanisms and how these are modified in a permafrost environment. A separate chapter deals with deep permafrost carbon, gas reservoirs and recently discovered methane emission phenomena from regions such as Northwest Siberia and the Siberian yedoma permafrost.


Author : E L James

ISBN10 : 1101946350

Publisher : Sourcebooks, Inc.

Number of Pages : 576

Category : Fiction

Viewed : 1521


Book Summary: Relive the sensuality, the romance and the drama of Fifty Shades Freed through the thoughts, reflections and dreams of Christian Grey. Look for FREED: Fifty Shades as Told by Christian, available for pre-order now. E L James revisits the world of Fifty Shades with a deeper and darker take on the love story that has enthralled millions of readers around the globe. Christian Grey exercises control in all things; his world is neat, disciplined, and utterly empty—until the day that Anastasia Steele falls into his office, in a tangle of shapely limbs and tumbling brown hair. He tries to forget her, but instead is swept up in a storm of emotion he cannot comprehend and cannot resist. Unlike any woman he has known before, shy, unworldly Ana seems to see right through him—past the business prodigy and the penthouse lifestyle to Christian's cold, wounded heart. Will being with Ana dispel the horrors of his childhood that haunt Christian every night? Or will his dark sexual desires, his compulsion to control, and the self-loathing that fills his soul drive this girl away and destroy the fragile hope she offers him? This book is intended for mature audiences.