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Multi-Agent-Based Simulations Applied to Biological and Environmental Systems

Author : ,

ISBN10 : 152251757X

Publisher : IGI Global

Number of Pages : 406

Category : Computers

Viewed : 498

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Book Summary: The discovery and development of new computational methods have expanded the capabilities and uses of simulations. With agent-based models, the applications of computer simulations are significantly enhanced. Multi-Agent-Based Simulations Applied to Biological and Environmental Systems is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on the implementation of autonomous agents in computer simulation paradigms. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant applications, such as biodiversity conservation, pollution reduction, and environmental risk assessment, this publication is an ideal source for researchers, academics, engineers, practitioners, and professionals seeking material on various issues surrounding the use of agent-based simulations.

The High Temperature Aspects of Hypersonic Flow

Author : Wilbur C. Nelson

ISBN10 : 1483223310

Publisher : Elsevier

Number of Pages : 800

Category : Science

Viewed : 1380

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Book Summary: The High Temperature Aspects of Hypersonic Flow is a record of the proceedings of the AGARD-NATO Specialists' Meeting, held at the Technical Centre for Experimental Aerodynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genese, Belgium in April 1962. The book contains the papers presented during the meeting that tackled a broad range of topics in the aspects of hypersonic flow. The subjects covered during the meeting include pressure measurements, interference effects, the use of wind tunnels in aircraft development testing, high temperature gas characteristics, boundary layer research, stability and control and the use of rocket vehicles in flight research. Aerospace engineers and aeronautical engineers will find the book invaluable.

3D Trajectory Extraction from 2D Videos for Human Activity Analysis

Author : Zeyd Boukhers

ISBN10 : 3832545832

Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

Number of Pages : 152

Category : Computers

Viewed : 1026

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Book Summary: The present dissertation addresses the problem of extracting 3D trajectories of objects from 2D videos. The reason of this is the theory that these trajectories symbolise high-level interpretations of human activities. A 3D trajectory of an object means its sequential positions in the real world over time. To this end, a generic framework for detecting objects and extracting their trajectories is proposed. In simpler terms, it means obtaining the 3D coordinate of the objects detected on the image plane and then tracking them in the real world to extract their 3D trajectories. Lastly, this dissertation presents applications of trajectory analysis to understand human activities in crowded environments. In this context, each phase in the framework represents independent approaches dedicated to solving challenging tasks in computer vision and multimedia.

Biological and Biochemical Oscillators

Author : Britton Chance,Amal K. Ghosh,E. Kendall Pye

ISBN10 : 1483271196

Publisher : Academic Press

Number of Pages : 550

Category : Science

Viewed : 1965

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Book Summary: Biological and Biochemical Oscillators compiles papers on biochemical and biological oscillators from a theoretical and experimental standpoint. This book discusses the oscillatory behavior, excitability, and propagation phenomena on membranes and membrane-like interfaces; two-dimensional analysis of chemical oscillators; and chemiluminescence in oscillatory oxidation reactions catalyzed. The problems associated with the computer simulation of oscillating systems; mechanism of single-frequency glycolytic oscillations; excitation wave propagation during heart fibrillation; and biochemical cycle of excitation are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the physiological rhythms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae populations; integral and indissociable property of eukaryotic gene-action systems; and role of actidione in the temperature jump response of the circadian rhythm in Euglena gracilis. This publication is valuable to biochemists interested in biochemical and biological oscillations.

Quantum Theory and Symmetries with Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics Volume 2

Author : Vladimir Dobrev

ISBN10 : 9811321795

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 440

Category : Science

Viewed : 1898

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Book Summary: This book is the second volume of the proceedings of the joint conference X. International Symposium “Quantum Theory and Symmetries” (QTS-X) and XII. International Workshop “Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics” (LT-XII), 19–25 June 2017, Varna, Bulgaria. The QTS series started around the core concept that symmetries underlie all descriptions of quantum systems. It has since evolved into a symposium on the frontiers of theoretical and mathematical physics. The LT series covers the whole field of Lie Theory in its widest sense together with its applications in many facets of physics. As an interface between mathematics and physics the workshop serves as a meeting place for mathematicians and theoretical and mathematical physicists. In the division of the material between the two volumes, the Editor has tried to select for the first and second volumes papers that are more oriented toward mathematics and physics, respectively. However, this division is relative since many papers could have been placed in either volume. The topics covered in this volume represent the most modern trends in the fields of the joint conferences: symmetries in string theories, conformal field theory, holography, gravity theories and cosmology, gauge theories, foundations of quantum theory, nonrelativistic and classical theories.

Unmooring the Komagata Maru

Author : Rita Dhamoon,Davina Bhandar,Renisa Mawani,Satwinder Kaur Bains

ISBN10 : 0774860685

Publisher : UBC Press

Number of Pages : 352

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 1159

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Book Summary: In 1914, the SS Komagata Maru arrived in Vancouver Harbour and was detained for two months. Most of its 376 passengers were then forcibly returned to India. Unmooring the Komagata Maru challenges conventional Canadian historical accounts by drawing from multiple disciplines and fields to consider the international and colonial dimensions of the voyage. By situating South Asian Canadian history within a global-imperial context, the contributors offer a critical reading of Canadian multiculturalism through past events and their commemoration. A hundred years later, the voyage of the Komagata Maru has yet to reach its conclusion.

Genre Trajectories

Author : Garin Dowd,Natalia Rulyova

ISBN10 : 1137505486

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 255

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 537

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Book Summary: This book provides a fresh interdisciplinary perspective on genre and identifies developments in genre studies in the early 21st century. Genre approaches are applied to examine a fascinating range of texts including ancient Greek poems, Holocaust visual and literary texts, contemporary Hollywood films, selfies, melodrama, and classroom practices.

The Better Angels of Our Nature

Author : Steven Pinker

ISBN10 : 1101544643

Publisher : Penguin

Number of Pages : 832

Category : Psychology

Viewed : 915

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Book Summary: “If I could give each of you a graduation present, it would be this—the most inspiring book I've ever read." —Bill Gates (May, 2017) Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year The author of Enlightenment Now and The New York Times bestseller The Stuff of Thought offers a controversial history of violence. Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millenia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species's existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, programs, gruesom punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened? This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the esesnce of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world. The key, he explains, is to understand our intrinsic motives--the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away--and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail. Exploding fatalist myths about humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike, and will challenge and change the way we think about our society.

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse

ISBN10 : 0309459575

Publisher : National Academies Press

Number of Pages : 482

Category : Medical

Viewed : 1595

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Book Summary: Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Stepping into the Elite

Author : Jules Naudet

ISBN10 : 0199093652

Publisher : Oxford University Press

Number of Pages : 376

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 1679

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Book Summary: The experience of shifting from one social class to another—from a dominated group to a dominant group—raises the question of how the upwardly mobile person relates to his/her group of origin. Stepping into the Elite traces the particular ways in which upwardly mobile people in India, France, and the United States—countries embodying three distinct stratification systems—make sense of this change. Given that people draw upon specific cultural tools or repertoires to analyse their world and situate themselves in it, Naudet identifies the extent to which narratives of ‘success’ vary from one country to another. For instance, he explains that while stories in a caste-ridden society such as India hinge on the preservation of bonds with the original class, in France, they are centered on the idea that an upwardly mobile person is alienated from all social groups. In the United States, on the other hand, the rhetoric of success is tinged by the ardent belief in the American society being classless. A sociological journey in three different cultural contexts, this book deftly ties the exploration of questions regarding transformation of social identity and views on being successful.

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

Author : Claudine Burton-Jeangros,Stéphane Cullati,Amanda Sacker,David Blane

ISBN10 : 331920484X

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 213

Category : Medical

Viewed : 853

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Book Summary: This open access book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time. The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations. Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Dark Horse

Author : Todd Rose,Ogi Ogas

ISBN10 : 0062683640

Publisher : HarperCollins

Number of Pages : 304

Category : Business & Economics

Viewed : 525

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Book Summary: For generations, we've been stuck with a cookie-cutter mold for success that requires us to be the same as everyone else, only better. This "standard formula" works for some people but leaves most of us feeling disengaged and frustrated. As much as we might dislike the standard formula, it seems like there's no other practical path to financial security and a fulfilling life. But what if there is? In the Dark Horse Project at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, bestselling author and acclaimed thought leader Todd Rose and neuroscientist Ogi Ogas studied women and men who achieved impressive success even though nobody saw them coming. Dark horses blaze their own trail to a life of happiness and prosperity. Yet what is so remarkable is that hidden inside their seemingly one-of-a-kind journeys are practical principles for achieving success that work for anyone, no matter who you are or what you hope to achieve. This mold-breaking approach doesn't depend on you SAT scores, who you know, or how much money you have. The secret is a mindset that can be expressed in plain English: Harness your individuality in the pursuit of fulfillment to achieve excellence. In Dark Horse, Rose and Ogas show how the four elements of the dark horse mindset empower you to consistently make the right choices that fit your unique interests, abilities, and circumstances and will guide you to a life of passion, purpose, and achievement.

Modeling Black Hole Evaporation

Author : Alessandro Fabbri,José Navarro-Salas

ISBN10 : 1783260386

Publisher : World Scientific

Number of Pages : 348

Category : Science

Viewed : 1804

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Book Summary: The scope of this book is two-fold: the first part gives a fully detailed and pedagogical presentation of the Hawking effect and its physical implications, and the second discusses the backreaction problem, especially in connection with exactly solvable semiclassical models that describe analytically the black hole evaporation process. The book aims to establish a link between the general relativistic viewpoint on black hole evaporation and the new CFT-type approaches to the subject. The detailed discussion on backreaction effects is also extremely valuable. Contents: Classical Black HolesThe Hawking EffectNear-Horizon Approximation and Conformal SymmetryStress Tensor, Anomalies and Effective ActionsModels for Evaporating Black Holes Readership: Graduate students and researchers in gravitation, high energy physics and astrophysics. Key Features:Detailed and pedagogical presentation of the Hawking effectDerivation of black hole radiance using the Rindler and AdS space near-horizon approximationExtensive use of two-dimensional conformal symmetry and intuitive derivation of the trace anomaly using equivalence principle argumentsUse of solvable models for the study of backreaction effects and the information loss problem in black hole spacetimesKeywords:Black Holes;Quantum Fields in Curved Space;Semiclassical Gravity;Hawking Effect;Black Hole Evaporation;Conformal Symmetry;Quantum Stress Tensor;Backreaction

Trajectory

Author : Richard Russo

ISBN10 : 110194773X

Publisher : Vintage

Number of Pages : 256

Category : Fiction

Viewed : 1376

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Book Summary: Following the best-selling Everybody's Fool, a new collection of short fiction that demonstrates that Richard Russo--winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Empire Falls--is also a master of this genre. Russo's characters in these four expansive stories bear little similarity to the blue-collar citizens we're familiar with from many of his novels. In "Horseman," a professor confronts a young plagiarist as well as her own weaknesses as the Thanksgiving holiday looms closer and closer: "And after that, who knew?" In "Intervention," a realtor facing an ominous medical prognosis finds himself in his father's shadow while he presses forward--or not. In "Voice," a semiretired academic is conned by his increasingly estranged brother into coming along on a group tour of the Venice Biennale, fleeing a mortifying incident with a traumatized student back in Massachusetts but encountering further complications in the maze of Venice. And in "Milton and Marcus," a lapsed novelist struggles with his wife's illness and tries to rekindle his screenwriting career, only to be stymied by the pratfalls of that trade when he's called to an aging, iconic star's mountaintop retreat in Wyoming.

The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats

ISBN10 : 9780309164719

Publisher : National Academies Press

Number of Pages : 246

Category : Medical

Viewed : 1063

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Book Summary: Globalization is by no means a new phenomenon; transcontinental trade and the movement of people date back at least 2,000 years, to the era of the ancient Silk Road trade route. The global spread of infectious disease has followed a parallel course. Indeed, the emergence and spread of infectious disease are, in a sense, the epitome of globalization. Although some experts mark the fall of the Berlin Wall as the beginning of this new era of globalization, others argue that it is not so new. The future of globalization is still in the making. Despite the successful attempts of the developed world during the course of the last century to control many infectious diseases and even to eradicate some deadly afflictions, 13 million people worldwide still die from such diseases every year. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Emerging Infections held a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases. The contents of the unattributed sections are based on the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control report summarizes the presentations and discussions related to the increasing cross-border and cross-continental movements of people and how this could exacerbate the emergence and global spread of infectious diseases. This report also summarizes the means by which sovereign states and nations must adopt a global public health mind-set and develop a new organizational framework to maximize the opportunities and overcome the challenges created by globalization and build the necessary capacity to respond effectively to emerging infectious disease threats.

The Dark Side of Prosperity

Author : Mark Horsley

ISBN10 : 1317036492

Publisher : Routledge

Number of Pages : 204

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 1968

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Book Summary: This book offers a critical analysis of consumer credit markets and the growth of outstanding debt, presenting in-depth interview material to explore the phenomenon of mass indebtedness through the life trajectories of self-identified debtors struggling with the pressures of owing money. A rich and original qualitative study of the close relationship between financial capitalism, consumer aspirations, social exclusion and the proliferation of personal indebtedness, The Dark Side of Prosperity examines questions of social identity, subjectivity and consumer motivation in close connection with the socio-cultural ideals of an ’enjoyment society’ that binds the value of the lives of individuals to the endless acquisition and disposal of pecuniary resources and lifestyle symbols. Critically engaging with the work of Giddens, Beck and Bauman, this volume draws on the thought of contemporary philosophers including Zizek, Badiou and Rancière to consider the possibility that the expansion of outstanding consumer credit, despite its many consequences, may be integral to the construction of social identity in a radically indeterminate and increasingly divided society. A ground-breaking work of critical social research this book will appeal to scholars of social theory, contemporary philosophy and political and economic sociology, as well as those with interests in consumer credit and cultures of indebtedness.

Ain't I a Beauty Queen?

Author : Maxine Leeds Craig

ISBN10 : 0198032552

Publisher : Oxford University Press

Number of Pages : 208

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 1909

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Book Summary: "Black is Beautiful!" The words were the exuberant rallying cry of a generation of black women who threw away their straightening combs and adopted a proud new style they called the Afro. The Afro, as worn most famously by Angela Davis, became a veritable icon of the Sixties. Although the new beauty standards seemed to arise overnight, they actually had deep roots within black communities. Tracing her story to 1891, when a black newspaper launched a contest to find the most beautiful woman of the race, Maxine Leeds Craig documents how black women have negotiated the intersection of race, class, politics, and personal appearance in their lives. Craig takes the reader from beauty parlors in the 1940s to late night political meetings in the 1960s to demonstrate the powerful influence of social movements on the experience of daily life. With sources ranging from oral histories of Civil Rights and Black Power Movement activists and men and women who stood on the sidelines to black popular magazines and the black movement press, Ain't I a Beauty Queen? will fascinate those interested in beauty culture, gender, class, and the dynamics of race and social movements.

Such a Fun Age

Author : Kiley Reid

ISBN10 : 0525541926

Publisher : Penguin

Number of Pages : 320

Category : Fiction

Viewed : 926

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Book Summary: A Best Book of the Year: The Washington Post • Chicago Tribune • NPR • Vogue • Elle • Real Simple • InStyle • Good Housekeeping • Parade • Slate • Vox • Kirkus Reviews • Library Journal • BookPage Longlisted for the 2020 Booker Prize An Instant New York Times Bestseller A Reese's Book Club x Hello Sunshine Book Pick "The most provocative page-turner of the year." --Entertainment Weekly "I urge you to read Such a Fun Age." --NPR A striking and surprising debut novel from an exhilarating new voice, Such a Fun Age is a page-turning and big-hearted story about race and privilege, set around a young black babysitter, her well-intentioned employer, and a surprising connection that threatens to undo them both. Alix Chamberlain is a woman who gets what she wants and has made a living, with her confidence-driven brand, showing other women how to do the same. So she is shocked when her babysitter, Emira Tucker, is confronted while watching the Chamberlains' toddler one night, walking the aisles of their local high-end supermarket. The store's security guard, seeing a young black woman out late with a white child, accuses Emira of kidnapping two-year-old Briar. A small crowd gathers, a bystander films everything, and Emira is furious and humiliated. Alix resolves to make things right. But Emira herself is aimless, broke, and wary of Alix's desire to help. At twenty-five, she is about to lose her health insurance and has no idea what to do with her life. When the video of Emira unearths someone from Alix's past, both women find themselves on a crash course that will upend everything they think they know about themselves, and each other. With empathy and piercing social commentary, Such a Fun Age explores the stickiness of transactional relationships, what it means to make someone "family," and the complicated reality of being a grown up. It is a searing debut for our times.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development

ISBN10 : 0309132835

Publisher : National Academies Press

Number of Pages : 612

Category : Social Science

Viewed : 1440

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Book Summary: How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

Onto-Cartography

Author : Levi R Bryant

ISBN10 : 0748679995

Publisher : Edinburgh University Press

Number of Pages : 312

Category : Philosophy

Viewed : 1592

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Book Summary: Defends and transforms naturalism and materialism to show how culture itself is formed by nature. Bryant endorses a pan-ecological theory of being, arguing that societies are ecosystems that can only be understood by considering nonhuman material agencies