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Human Missions to Mars

Author : Donald Rapp

ISBN10 : 331922249X

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 582

Category : Technology & Engineering

Viewed : 1527

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Book Summary: A mission to send humans to explore the surface of Mars has been the ultimate goal of planetary exploration since the 1950s, when von Braun conjectured a flotilla of 10 interplanetary vessels carrying a crew of at least 70 humans. Since then, more than 1,000 studies were carried out on human missions to Mars, but after 60 years of study, we remain in the early planning stages. The second edition of this book now includes an annotated history of Mars mission studies, with quantitative data wherever possible. Retained from the first edition, Donald Rapp looks at human missions to Mars from an engineering perspective. He divides the mission into a number of stages: Earth’s surface to low-Earth orbit (LEO); departing from LEO toward Mars; Mars orbit insertion and entry, descent and landing; ascent from Mars; trans-Earth injection from Mars orbit and Earth return. For each segment, he analyzes requirements for candidate technologies. In this connection, he discusses the status and potential of a wide range of elements critical to a human Mars mission, including life support consumables, radiation effects and shielding, microgravity effects, abort options and mission safety, possible habitats on the Martian surface and aero-assisted orbit entry decent and landing. For any human mission to the Red Planet the possible utilization of any resources indigenous to Mars would be of great value and such possibilities, the use of indigenous resources is discussed at length. He also discusses the relationship of lunar exploratio n to Mars exploration. Detailed appendices describe the availability of solar energy on the Moon and Mars, and the potential for utilizing indigenous water on Mars. The second edition provides extensive updating and additions to the first edition, including many new figures and tables, and more than 70 new references, as of 2015.

The Human Factor in a Mission to Mars

Author : Konrad Szocik

ISBN10 : 3030020592

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 266

Category : Science

Viewed : 1175

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Book Summary: A manned mission to Mars is faced with challenges and topics that may not be obvious but of great importance and challenging for such a mission. This is the first book that collects contributions from scholars in various fields, from astronomy and medicine, to theology and philosophy, addressing such topics. The discussion goes beyond medical and technological challenges of such a deep-space mission. The focus is on human nature, human emotions and biases in such a new environment. The primary audience for this book are all researchers interested in the human factor in a space mission including philosophers, social scientists, astronomers, and others. This volume will also be of high interest for a much wider audience like the non-academic world, or for students.

Mission To Mars

Author : Adidas Wilson

ISBN10 :

Publisher : Adidas Wilson

Number of Pages : N.A

Category : Science

Viewed : 1331

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Book Summary: Everyone seems to be thinking about Mars nowadays. NASA plans to have humans on Mars by 2030 while SpaceX wants to do it sooner, by 2024. Mars is a common theme in Hollywood. There are movies like The Martian and Life that speculate how life may be on the red planet. None of these movies, however, seems to address the elephant in the room—how will humans survive long-term on Mars? The Mars atmosphere is mostly comprised of carbon monoxide and its surface is too cold for human life. The gravity is 38% that of Earth. This leaves the question of how a human being can survive such an environment. Traveling to Mars is an easy task, as the journey will only take 260 days when the two planets are closest to each other. After arriving, the challenge is landing on the surface. What landing system is safe for colonists and astronauts? By 2007, scientists had four landing suggestions; the Legged Standing System, Sky-Crane Landing System, Airbag Landing System and lastly, the Touchdown Sensing. As of 2017, scientists had already come up with more ways for landing such as diving into the Martian atmosphere and skirting closer to the surface. NASA is already thinking of the kind of habitation that will help colonists survive on Mars. In 2016, six companies had started designing possible habitat prototypes. All these prototypes are likely to be similar in a few ways—they should be self-sustaining, able to support life for a long period of time without help from Earth, and have a seal against Mars’s thin atmosphere.

The Martian

Author : Andy Weir

ISBN10 : 0804139032

Publisher : Ballantine Books

Number of Pages : 400

Category : Fiction

Viewed : 986

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Book Summary: Nominated as one of America’s best-loved novels by PBS’s The Great American Read Six days ago, astronaut Mark Watney became one of the first people to walk on Mars. Now, he's sure he'll be the first person to die there. After a dust storm nearly kills him and forces his crew to evacuate while thinking him dead, Mark finds himself stranded and completely alone with no way to even signal Earth that he’s alive—and even if he could get word out, his supplies would be gone long before a rescue could arrive. Chances are, though, he won't have time to starve to death. The damaged machinery, unforgiving environment, or plain-old "human error" are much more likely to kill him first. But Mark isn't ready to give up yet. Drawing on his ingenuity, his engineering skills—and a relentless, dogged refusal to quit—he steadfastly confronts one seemingly insurmountable obstacle after the next. Will his resourcefulness be enough to overcome the impossible odds against him?

Case for Mars

Author : Robert Zubrin

ISBN10 : 1451665768

Publisher : Simon and Schuster

Number of Pages : 368

Category : Science

Viewed : 1711

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Book Summary: Since the beginning of human history Mars has been an alluring dream—the stuff of legends, gods, and mystery. The planet most like ours, it has still been thought impossible to reach, let alone explore and inhabit. Now with the advent of a revolutionary new plan, all this has changed. Leading space exploration authority Robert Zubrin has crafted a daring new blueprint, Mars Direct, presented here with illustrations, photographs, and engaging anecdotes. The Case for Mars is not a vision for the far future or one that will cost us impossible billions. It explains step-by-step how we can use present-day technology to send humans to Mars within ten years; actually produce fuel and oxygen on the planet's surface with Martian natural resources; how we can build bases and settlements; and how we can one day "terraform" Mars—a process that can alter the atmosphere of planets and pave the way for sustainable life.

Safe on Mars

Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars

ISBN10 : 0309169593

Publisher : National Academies Press

Number of Pages : 64

Category : Science

Viewed : 993

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Book Summary: This study, commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), examines the role of robotic exploration missions in assessing the risks to the first human missions to Mars. Only those hazards arising from exposure to environmental, chemical, and biological agents on the planet are assessed. To ensure that it was including all previously identified hazards in its study, the Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars referred to the most recent report from NASA's Mars Exploration Program/ Payload Analysis Group (MEPAG) (Greeley, 2001). The committee concluded that the requirements identified in the present NRC report are indeed the only ones essential for NASA to pursue in order to mitigate potential hazards to the first human missions to Mars.

Exploring the Martian Moons

Author : Manfred "Dutch" von Ehrenfried

ISBN10 : 3319527002

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 255

Category : Technology & Engineering

Viewed : 811

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Book Summary: This book explores the once popular idea of 'Flexible Path' in terms of Mars, a strategy that would focus on a manned orbital mission to Mars's moons rather than the more risky, expensive and time-consuming trip to land humans on the Martian surface. While currently still not the most popular idea, this mission would take advantage of the operational, scientific and engineering lessons to be learned from going to Mars's moons first. Unlike a trip to the planet's surface, an orbital mission avoids the dangers of the deep gravity well of Mars and a very long stay on the surface. This is analogous to Apollo 8 and 10, which preceded the landing on the Moon of Apollo 11. Furthermore, a Mars orbital mission could be achieved at least five years, possibly 10 before a landing mission. Nor would an orbital mission require all of the extra vehicles, equipment and supplies needed for a landing and a stay on the planet for over a year. The cost difference between the two types of missions is in the order of tens of billions of dollars. An orbital mission to Deimos and Phobos would provide an early opportunity to acquire scientific knowledge of the moons and Mars as well, since some of the regolith is presumed to be soil ejected from Mars. It may also offer the opportunity to deploy scientific instruments on the moons which would aid subsequent missions. It would provide early operational experience in the Mars environment without the risk of a landing. The author convincingly argues this experience would enhance the probability of a safe and successful Mars landing by NASA at a later date, and lays out the best way to approach an orbital mission in great detail. Combining path-breaking science with achievable goals on a fast timetable, this approach is the best of both worlds--and our best path to reaching Mars safely in the future.

Next Stop Mars

Author : Giancarlo Genta

ISBN10 : 3319443119

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 415

Category : Technology & Engineering

Viewed : 954

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Book Summary: This book covers the possible manned mission to Mars first discussed in the 1950s and still a topic of much debate, addressing historic and future plans to visit the Red Planet. Considering the environmental dangers and the engineering and design needed for a successful trip, it covers every aspect of a possible mission and outpost. The chapters explain the motivations behind the plan to go to Mars, as well as the physical factors that astronauts on manned missions will face on Mars and in transit. The author provides a comprehensive exposure to the infrastructure needs on Mars itself, covering an array of facilities including power sources, as well as addressing earth-based communication networks that will be necessary. Mechanisms for return to Earth are also addressed. As the reality of a manned Mars voyage becomes more concrete, the details are still largely up in the air. This book presents an overview of proposed approaches past, present, and future, both from NASA and, increasingly, from other space agencies and private companies. It clearly displays the challenges and the ingenious solutions involved in reaching Mars with human explorers.

Once Upon a Time I Lived on Mars

Author : Kate Greene

ISBN10 : 1250159482

Publisher : St. Martin\'s Press

Number of Pages : 256

Category : Science

Viewed : 1864

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Book Summary: When it comes to Mars, the focus is often on how to get there: the rockets, the engines, the fuel. But upon arrival, what will it actually be like? In 2013, Kate Greene moved to Mars. That is, along with five fellow crew members, she embarked on NASA’s first HI-SEAS mission, a simulated Martian environment located on the slopes of Mauna Loa in Hawai'i. For four months she lived, worked, and slept in an isolated geodesic dome, conducting a sleep study on her crew mates and gaining incredible insight into human behavior in tight quarters, as well as the nature of boredom, dreams, and isolation that arise amidst the promise of scientific progress and glory. In Once Upon a Time I Lived on Mars, Greene draws on her experience to contemplate humanity’s broader impulse to explore. The result is a twined story of space and life, of the standard, able-bodied astronaut and Greene’s brother’s disability, of the lag time of interplanetary correspondences and the challenges of a long-distance marriage, of freeze-dried egg powder and fresh pineapple, of departure and return. By asking what kind of wisdom humanity might take to Mars and elsewhere in the Universe, Greene has written a remarkable, wide-ranging examination of our time in space right now, as a pre-Mars species, poised on the edge, readying for launch.

Martian Outpost

Author : Erik Seedhouse

ISBN10 : 0387981918

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

Number of Pages : 304

Category : Technology & Engineering

Viewed : 658

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Book Summary: Mars Outpost provides a detailed insight into the various technologies, mission architectures, medical requirements, and training needed to send humans to Mars. It focuses on mission objectives and benefits, and the risks and complexities that are compounded when linked to an overall planet exploration program involving several expeditions and setting up a permanent presence on the surface. The first section provides the background to sending a human mission to Mars. Analogies are made with early polar exploration and the expeditions of Shackleton, Amundsen, and Mawson. The interplanetary plans of the European Space Agency, NASA, and Russia are examined, including the possibility of one or more nations joining forces to send humans to Mars. Current mission architectures, such as NASA’s Constellation, ESA’s Aurora, and Ross Tierney’s DIRECT, are described and evaluated. The next section looks at how humans will get to the Red Planet, beginning with the preparation of the crew. The author examines the various analogues to understand the problems Mars-bound astronauts will face. Additional chapters describe the transportation hardware necessary to launch 4-6 astronauts on an interplanetary trajectory to Mars, including the cutting edge engineering and design of life support systems required to protect crews for more than a year from the lethal radiation encountered in deep space. NASA’s current plan is to use standard chemical propulsion technology, but eventually Mars crews will take advantage of advanced propulsion concepts, such as the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, ion drives and nuclear propulsion. The interplanetary options for reaching Mars, as well as the major propulsive maneuvers required and the trajectories and energy requirements for manned and unmanned payloads, are reviewed . Another chapter addresses the daunting medical problems and available countermeasures for humans embarking on a mission to Mars: the insidious effects of radiation on the human body and the deleterious consequences of bone and muscle deconditioning. Crew selection will be considered, bearing in mind the strong possibility that they may not be able to return to Earth. Still another chapter describes the guidance, navigation, and control system architecture, as well as the lander design requirements and crew tasks and responsibilities required to touch down on the Red Planet. Section 3 looks at the surface mission architectures. Seedhouse describes such problems as radiation, extreme temperatures, and construction challenges that will be encountered by colonists. He examines proposed concepts for transporting cargo and astronauts long distances across the Martian surface using magnetic levitation systems, permanent rail systems, and flying vehicles. In the penultimate chapter of the book, the author explains an adaptable and mobile exploration architecture that will enable long-term human exploration of Mars, perhaps making it the next space-based tourist location.

From Habitability to Life on Mars

Author : Nathalie A. Cabrol,Edmond A. Grin

ISBN10 : 0128099364

Publisher : Elsevier

Number of Pages : 390

Category : Science

Viewed : 404

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Book Summary: From Habitability to Life on Mars explores the current state of knowledge and questions on the past habitability of Mars and the role that rapid environmental changes may have played in the ability of prebiotic chemistry to transition to life. It investigates the role that such changes may have played in the preservation of biosignatures in the geological record and what this means for exploration strategies. Throughout the book, the authors show how the investigation of terrestrial analogs to early Martian habitats under various climates and environmental extremes provide critical clues to understand where, what and how to search for biosignatures on Mars. The authors present an introduction to the newest developments and state-of-the-art remote and in situ detection strategies and technologies that are being currently developed to support the upcoming ExoMars and Mars 2020 missions. They show how the current orbital and ground exploration is guiding the selection for future landing sites. Finally, the book concludes by discussing the critical question of the implications and ethics of finding life on Mars. Edited by the lead on a NASA project that searches for habitability and life on Mars leading to the Mars 2020 mission Presents the evidence, questions and answers we have today (including a summary of the current state of knowledge in advance of the ESA ExoMars and NASA Mars 2020 missions) Includes contributions from authors directly involved in past, current and upcoming Mars missions Provides key information as to how Mars rovers, such as ExoMars and Mars 2020, will address the search for life on Mars with their instrumentation

Mission to Mars #4

Author : Cathy Hapka,Ellen Vandenberg

ISBN10 : 0593095820

Publisher : Penguin

Number of Pages : 96

Category : Juvenile Fiction

Viewed : 1458

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Book Summary: Can Astronaut Girl save the day with a little help from science? Find out as she and her space crew blast off on new adventures in this chapter book series! When Val's teacher gives her class a science assignment to build terrariums, Val can't wait to get started! She's picked Wallace and her two friends, Ling and Abby, to join her group, and she expects to be in charge...after all, she is Astronaut Girl! But Val soon discovers it's impossible for them to agree on anything. And things don't get much better when the group and the Astro Crew zoom off to Mars for an outer-space adventure. Can the group finally put their heads together in order to save themselves from a giant sandstorm, or will they be stranded on Mars forever? Exciting, easy-to-read books are the stepping stone a young reader needs to bridge the gap between being a beginner and being fluent.

STEM: Mission to Mars: Problem Solving: Read-along ebook

Author : Rane Anderson

ISBN10 : 1087629799

Publisher : Teacher Created Materials

Number of Pages : 32

Category : Juvenile Nonfiction

Viewed : 1415

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Book Summary: What will it take to send people to Mars in the next 25 years? Students will learn that problem solving is an essential component of NASA’s planned mission to mars. This book combines mathematics and literacy skills, and uses practical, real-world examples of problem solving to teach math, language arts, and STEM content. Students will learn problem solving while engaged in reading high-interest content. The glossary, index, and table of contents will further understanding of reading and math concepts, and the full-color images, practice problems, and math graphs and charts make learning math easy, practical, and fun. The Explore Math sidebars and Math Talk problems will develop students’ higher order thinking skills, and also provide additional opportunities for students to apply what they’ve learned. This intriguing text makes learning STEM concepts fun and easy.

Human Missions to Mars

Author : Donald Rapp

ISBN10 : 3540729399

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

Number of Pages : 520

Category : Technology & Engineering

Viewed : 317

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Book Summary: This book presents a highly readable yet realistic view of the possibilities for human missions to Mars. It provides for the first time a ‘level-headed’ assessment of plans for human exploration of Mars to counteract the tendency of space agencies to take an over-optimistic approach to such interplanetary missions. The author presents a detailed analysis of why, in his opinion, the current NASA approach will fail to send humans to Mars before 2080.

Mission to Mars

Author : IntroBooks

ISBN10 :

Publisher : IntroBooks

Number of Pages : 40

Category : Science

Viewed : 826

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Book Summary: Mars has always signaled to the mankind when it would travel high in the night sky. The ancient people have assumed that this rust-red planet was the god of war and therefore, they christened it with the name “Mars”. The early explorers were armed with newly forms of invented telescopes discovered that Mars exhibited seasonal color changes and were subjected to dust storms that used to encircle the globe and might even have had several channels that could have crisscrossed the surface. The recent explorers make use of the advanced technology and the robotic surrogates to extend their reach out to the planet Mars. With the use of the advanced technology, they have discovered that Mars is much more interesting and the complex planet in the Solar System. As per the claims of the present explorers that pieces of Mars have even arrived on the Earth as meteorites and these particles are pointing out to the possible existence of life on Mars. This has resulted in the growth of the active interests of the explorers to gain impetus about the living conditions on Mars.

Mission To Mars

Author : Adidas Wilson

ISBN10 :

Publisher : Adidas Wilson

Number of Pages : N.A

Category : Science

Viewed : 1842

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Book Summary: Everyone seems to be thinking about Mars nowadays. NASA plans to have humans on Mars by 2030 while SpaceX wants to do it sooner, by 2024. Mars is a common theme in Hollywood. There are movies like The Martian and Life that speculate how life may be on the red planet. None of these movies, however, seems to address the elephant in the room—how will humans survive long-term on Mars? The Mars atmosphere is mostly comprised of carbon monoxide and its surface is too cold for human life. The gravity is 38% that of Earth. This leaves the question of how a human being can survive such an environment. Traveling to Mars is an easy task, as the journey will only take 260 days when the two planets are closest to each other. After arriving, the challenge is landing on the surface. What landing system is safe for colonists and astronauts? By 2007, scientists had four landing suggestions; the Legged Standing System, Sky-Crane Landing System, Airbag Landing System and lastly, the Touchdown Sensing. As of 2017, scientists had already come up with more ways for landing such as diving into the Martian atmosphere and skirting closer to the surface. NASA is already thinking of the kind of habitation that will help colonists survive on Mars. In 2016, six companies had started designing possible habitat prototypes. All these prototypes are likely to be similar in a few ways—they should be self-sustaining, able to support life for a long period of time without help from Earth, and have a seal against Mars’s thin atmosphere.

TIME Mission to Mars

Author : The Editors of TIME

ISBN10 : 1683304004

Publisher : Time Inc. Books

Number of Pages : 96

Category : Science

Viewed : 1892

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Book Summary: The prospect of sending a manned mission to Mars and even colonizing the planet is capturing the imagination of NASA and space entrepreneurs. A noble goal, or an expensive folly? TIME’s special edition takes you inside the science and the debate. Just getting to Mars will be an amazing technical feat, traveling 35 million miles on a nine-month journey. This edition explores: * How American astronaut Scott Kelly spent a year on the International Space Station to measure the effects of prolonged space travel * The exciting technology being developed to make the journey to Mars * Buzz Aldrin’s plans for establishing a permanent settlement on the Red Planet

The Human Factor in a Mission to Mars

Author : Konrad Szocik

ISBN10 : 3030020592

Publisher : Springer

Number of Pages : 266

Category : Science

Viewed : 789

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Book Summary: A manned mission to Mars is faced with challenges and topics that may not be obvious but of great importance and challenging for such a mission. This is the first book that collects contributions from scholars in various fields, from astronomy and medicine, to theology and philosophy, addressing such topics. The discussion goes beyond medical and technological challenges of such a deep-space mission. The focus is on human nature, human emotions and biases in such a new environment. The primary audience for this book are all researchers interested in the human factor in a space mission including philosophers, social scientists, astronomers, and others. This volume will also be of high interest for a much wider audience like the non-academic world, or for students.

Your Mission to Mars

Author : M.J. Cosson

ISBN10 : 1616417390

Publisher : ABDO

Number of Pages : 32

Category : Juvenile Nonfiction

Viewed : 434

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Book Summary: It's time for your mission to Mars! Jump in your super speedy rocket to explore Mars's size, surface, craters, atmosphere, temperature, gravity, and orbits. Basic solar system facts are brought to life with a focus on what questions scientists are still trying to solve. Each book ends with a section on how scientists discovered the facts that have been presented. Bright, colorful illustrations and straightforward text make this topic accessible for even the youngest astronomer.

Mission to Mars (The Backyardigans)

Author : Nickelodeon Publishing

ISBN10 : 1612631029

Publisher : Nickelodeon

Number of Pages : 24

Category : Juvenile Fiction

Viewed : 397

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Book Summary: The Backyardigans are on a mission...to Mars! A strange signal has been coming from the Red Planet, so Pablo, Uniqua, and Austin blast off into space to investigate. At first all they see are rocks, craters, red soil, and a lake. But they soon discover...they're not alone!