The Greek Versions Of The Testaments Of The Twelve Patriarchs - [PDF] Full eBook Download

The Greek Versions of the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

Author : R. H. Charles

ISBN10 : 1556357621

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

Number of Pages : 396

Category : Religion

Viewed : 618

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Book Summary: R. H. Charles (1855-1931) was Professor of Biblical Greek at Trinity College Dublin (1898-1906), He was elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1906, and a fellow of Merton College, Oxford in 1910. In 1925 he was the first recipient of the British Academy Medal for Biblical Studies. Charles also received honorary degrees from the Universities of Belfast in 1923 and Oxford in 1928. His publications include: 'The Apocalypse of Baruch, ' 'The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, ' and 'The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English' (2 vols.)

The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

Author : R. H. Charles

ISBN10 : 1592445977

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

Number of Pages : 116

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1680

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Book Summary: This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ: Volume 3.ii and Index

Author : Emil Schürer,Fergus Millar,Geza Vermes

ISBN10 : 1472558286

Publisher : A&C Black

Number of Pages : 336

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1233

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Book Summary: Emil Schürer's Geschichte des judischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi, originally published in German between 1874 and 1909 and in English between 1885 and 1891, is a critical presentation of Jewish history, institutions, and literature from 175 B.C. to A.D. 135. It has rendered invaluable services to scholars for nearly a century. The present work offers a fresh translation and a revision of the entire subject-matter. The bibliographies have been rejuvenated and supplemented; the sources are presented according to the latest scholarly editions; and all the new archaeological, epigraphical, numismatic and literary evidence, including the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bar Kokhba documents, has been introduced into the survey. Account has also been taken of the progress in historical research, both in the classical and Jewish fields. This work reminds students of the profound debt owed to nineteenth-century learning, setting it within a wider framework of contemporary knowledge, and provides a foundation on which future historians of Judaism in the age of Jesus may build.

Cosmos, Chaos and the Kosher Mentality

Author : David Bryan

ISBN10 : 1474230377

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

Number of Pages : 352

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1574

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Book Summary: This is an innovative investigation of the puzzling animal imagery found in three 2nd-century BCE texts: the Animal Apocalypse (1 Enoch 85-90), the Testament of Naphtali and Daniel 7. It urges that a sense of cultural change is required to understand this well-known imagery, and argues in particular that the mentality underlying the kosher legislation played a significant, even if unconscious, role in the imagination of the various authors. A reading of the Animal Apocalypse is offered which argues that the author utilized the unclean precisely because they represent for him the forces of chaos set in opposition to God. Bryan acknowledges that the bizarre creatures of T. Naph. 5 and Daniel 7 belong to a different kind of imagery (Mischwesen), but argues that awareness of the influence of the kosher mentality opens up new explanations. As mixed creatures, they represent a radical break with order. They are an intense form of unclean creature, and those whom they represent are perceived to be living embodiments of the powers of chaos.

Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Author : Jonathan Klawans

ISBN10 : 9780195350982

Publisher : Oxford University Press

Number of Pages : 256

Category : Religion

Viewed : 554

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Book Summary: This book examines the ways in which two distinct biblical conceptions of impurity-"ritual" and "moral"-were interpreted in the Hebrew Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls, rabbinic literature, and the New Testament. In examining the evolution of ancient Jewish attitudes towards sin and defilement, Klawans sheds light on a fascinating but previously neglected topic.

Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period

Author : Michael E. Stone

ISBN10 : 9781451414653

Publisher : Fortress Press

Number of Pages : 697

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1385

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Book Summary: This volume describes that part of the rich literary production of ancient Judaism which was not contained in the Hebrew Bible nor in rabbinic literature. These writings originated in the Second Temple period, which proved highly creative in the midst of strong external influences and internal movements.Prime example are the Dead Sea Scrolls, documents of an extremely separatist sect. Their discovery in 1947 revolutionized our understanding of Second Temple Judaism and its literature. The scrolls appear more or less related in spirit to a group of writings trasmitted by Christianity and known as the Pseudepigrapha. Yet another group are the Apocrypha, closely related to later biblical writings and incorporated within the Greek Old Testament. Finally, the encounter with Greek culture is documented by Jewish authors writing in Greek, notably Philo and Josephus.After a historical outline which sets the stage, the chapters of this book describe and analyse these documents. Selective bibliographies for further reading conclude the chapters.

The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins

Author : Gerbern S. Oegema,James H. Charlesworth

ISBN10 : 0567099784

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA

Number of Pages : 312

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1989

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Book Summary: In the Seminar "The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins" of the "Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas", chaired from 2000 to 2006 by Professors James H. Charlesworth (Princeton) and Gerbern S. Oegema (McGill), the relation between the Pseudepigrapha and the New Testament has been discussed systematically and intensively in a way never seen before. The Pseudepigrapha investigated included the Old Testament ones and those found in the Qumran as well as the Pseudepigrapha of the New Testament and the ones used in the Early Church. The seminar and its participants, who were all internally renowned experts from around the world, have focused on the use, adaptation, reinterpretation and further development of non-canonical traditions (except for Philo, Josephus, the Essene and early Rabbinic writings) in the canonical writings of Early Christianity. The seminar has met in total five times in various locations, while systematically being arranged around the following topics: The Pseudepigrapha and the Synoptic Gospels, the Gospel of John, the Epistles of Paul, the Other New Testament Writings, and the Revelation of John.

Paul and Ancient Views of Sexual Desire

Author : J Edward Ellis

ISBN10 : 0567446212

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

Number of Pages : 206

Category : Religion

Viewed : 933

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Book Summary: Paul and Ancient Views of Sexual Desire refutes the argument put forward by some scholars that Paul, in his sexual ethics, is in partial agreement with a current of thought in the Greco-Roman world that condemns sexual desire and advocates the elimination of such desire from marital sex. Ellis argues against not only this line of thought but also the attendant notion that this way of thinking underlies Paul's comments on homosexual activity in Romans 1. Through close analysis of numerous ancient passages relating to sexual desire, Ellis demonstrates that ancient thinkers tend to condemn not sexual desire in itself but excessive sexual desire and lack of self-control. Furthermore, he contends that ancient auditors would have been unlikely to see condemnation of sexual desire in Paul's words in 1 Thessalonians 4 or 1 Corinthians 7.

The Character of Jesus

Author : Thomas Stegman

ISBN10 : 9788876531583

Publisher : Gregorian Biblical BookShop

Number of Pages : 470

Category : Bibles

Viewed : 1531

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Book Summary: English summary: The study argues that the issue of character (ethos) is the key to understanding Paul's argument in 2 Corinthians. Paul draws on the ethos of Jesus throughout the letter in order to defend his own way of being an apostle and to exhort the Corinthians to take on the character of Jesus. Italian description: Il carattere di Gesu. Studio di Thomas Stegman, che mostra come la questione del carattere (ethos) sia la chiave di comprensione dell'argomentazione paolina nella seconda lettera ai Corinzi.

The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3

Author : Merrill C. Tenney

ISBN10 : 0310876982

Publisher : Zondervan

Number of Pages : 1168

Category : Religion

Viewed : 900

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Book Summary: Revised edition. Volume 3 of 5. The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible has been a classic Bible study resource for more than thirty years. Now thoroughly revised, this new five-volume edition provides up-to-date entries based on the latest scholarship. Beautiful full-color pictures supplement the text, which includes new articles in addition to thorough updates and improvements of existing topics. Different viewpoints of scholarship permit a wellrounded perspective on significant issues relating to doctrines, themes, and biblical interpretation. The goal remains the same: to provide pastors, teachers, students, and devoted Bible readers a comprehensive and reliable library of information. • More than 5,000 pages of vital information on Bible lands and people • More than 7,500 articles alphabetically arranged for easy reference • Hundreds of full-color and black-and-white illustrations, charts, and graphs • 32 pages of full-color maps and hundreds of black-and-white outline maps for ready reference • Scholarly articles ranging across the entire spectrum of theological and biblical topics, backed by the most current body of archaeological research • 238 contributors from around the world

Testament of Naphtali

Author : Scriptural Research Institute

ISBN10 : 1989604862

Publisher : Scriptural Research Institute

Number of Pages : 19

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1723

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Book Summary: The Testament of Naphtali, like the other Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, is considered to be a Jewish work that was added to by Christians in the Christian era. It is unclear when it comes from, however, fragments of the Testaments of Joseph and Levi have been found among the Dead Sea Scrolls in Aramaic, dating to between 135 and 37 BC, implying the rest of the Twelve were compiled at the same time. Fragments of Naphtali and Judah have also been found, written in Hebrew and dated to between 37 BC and 44 AD, proving the existence of Jewish versions that predated the surviving Christian versions. As the Testament of Naphtali includes references to the Book of Enoch, it was likely a text written by the Tobian Jews (Τουβιανοὺς Ιουδαίους) mentioned in 2nd Maccabees, that lived in Seleucid controlled regions. In the early Christian era, many Testaments of the Patriarchs circulated in Jewish and Christian communities, the foremost being the Testaments of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The other major testaments were grouped together as the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, which included the Testaments of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin. These testaments were widely accepted by the early Christian churches, and continue to form part of the Armenian Bible. The books were popular in Western Europe during the Middle Ages when they were generally considered authentic ancient Jewish texts. Critical analysis in the 16th century changed the view of Protestants and Catholics, as scholars at the time came to the belief that the texts were written in the early Christian era, likely in Greek. Subsequently, the texts fell out of favor in most parts of Europe. However, Hebrew fragments of the Testaments of the Patriarchs were discovered in the 20th century among the Dead Sea Scrolls, proving the texts were originally written in Aramaic and Hebrew. The current academic view is that there was a simpler Hebrew Jewish version that was then updated in the early Christian era by Greek speakers that added the Christian prophesies.

Beware the Evil Eye Volume 3

Author : John H. Elliott

ISBN10 : 1532601034

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

Number of Pages : 378

Category : Religion

Viewed : 598

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Book Summary: The Evil Eye is mentioned repeatedly throughout the Old Testament, Israel's parabiblical writings, and New Testament, with a variety of terms and expressions. The Old Testament (Greek Septuagint) contains no less than fourteen text segments involving some twenty explicit references to the Evil Eye (Deut 15:9; 28:54, 56; Prov 23:6; 28:22; Tob 4:7, 16; Sir 14:3, 6, 8, 9, 10; 18:18; 31:13; 37:11; Wis 4:12; 4 Macc 1:26; 2:15; Ep Jer 69/70). At least three further texts are also likely implied references to an Evil Eye (1 Sam 2:29, 32; 18:9), with some other texts as more distant possibilities. The Evil Eye is mentioned also in the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the writings of Philo and Josephus--all of which are discussed in the following pages. Evil Eye belief and practice continued in the early Jesus movement. Jesus mentions the Evil Eye on more than one occasion (Matt 6:22-23; Luke 11:33-36; Mark 7:22). Paul makes explicit and implicit mention of the Evil Eye in his letter to the Galatians (3:1; 4:12-20). Possible implicit references to the Evil Eye are also examined. Both the common and the distinctive features of biblical Evil Eye belief are identified, along with its operation on multiple levels (biological/physiological, psychological, economic, social, and moral) and its serving a variety of purposes. The numerous references to the Evil Eye in Israel's rabbinic writings and those of postbiblical Christianity (second-sixth centuries CE), together with the material evidence from this period, are examined in volume 4.

The Biblical World

Author : John Barton

ISBN10 : 1134272200

Publisher : Routledge

Number of Pages : 1152

Category : History

Viewed : 1195

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Book Summary: The Biblical World is a comprehensive guide to the contents, historical settings and social context of the Bible. It presents the fruits of years of specialist study in an accessible form, and is essential reading for anyone who reads the Bible and would like to know more about how and why it came to be. Written by an international collection of experts, the volumes include a full overview of the full range of biblical material, before going on to more detailed discussions of myth and prophecy to poetry and proverbs. Explorations of the historical background are complemented by the findings of archaeology, and the book explores language, law, administration, social life and the arts as well. Major figures of the Bible - including Abraham, Jesus and Paul - are studied in detail, as are the main religious concepts it contains, such as salvation and purity. Also including an examination of how the Bible is viewed today, this monumental work will be an invaluable resource for students, academics and clergy, and for all to whom the Bible is important as a religious or cultural document.

Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture, Volume 3 (2013)

Author : The Interpreter Foundation

ISBN10 : 1482691299

Publisher : The Interpreter Foundation

Number of Pages : 264

Category : Religion

Viewed : 687

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Book Summary: This is volume 3 (2013) of Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture by the Interpreter Foundation. It contains articles on diverse topics such as the relationship between faith and reason, a book review of Comparing and Evaluating the Scriptures: A Timely Challenge for Jews, Christians, Muslims, and Mormons, the biblical and non-biblical quotes from Paul, a book review of Four Views on the Spectrum of Evangelicalism, an analysis of the parallel narratives of Ammon1 and Ammon2, a book review of Forgery and Counterforgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics, an analysis of directions in the Book of Mormon, Nephite insights into Israelite worship, a book review of Brigham Young: Pioneer Prophet, and a possible explanation for "one day to a cubit" as found in facsimile 2 of the Book of Abraham.

Informing the Future

Author : Joseph A. Grassi

ISBN10 : 9780809140923

Publisher : Paulist Press

Number of Pages : 282

Category : Religion

Viewed : 783

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Book Summary: The roots of social justice run deep -- right back to the Bible. Now, in Informing the Future, scripture scholar, writer and teacher Joseph A. Grassi takes readers back to the New Testament to explore the place of social justice -- the just distribution of economic, social and cultural resources to all people -- as envisioned and practiced in its pages. It is there, the author demonstrates, that we will find the inspiration that challenges us, sustains us and brings hope to our world today. Book jacket.

Aristeas to Philocrates

Author : Moses Hadas

ISBN10 : 1556355068

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

Number of Pages : 244

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1870

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Book Summary: The work commonly known as the Letter of Aristeas presents an account of the genesis of the Septuagint, and incidentally reflects currents of religious thought at a significant period of history. The book is a work of conscious literary art, composed according to the canons of the Greek schools, and the exaggerations and inaccuracies that have marred its credit in the past are marks not of the author's ignorance or bad faith but of the genre to which it belongs. Considered against its historical and intellectual background, Aristeas to Philocrates is a document of first-class importance and a unique specimen of its kind in the literature of the period. Professor Hadas's edition studies the book from the point of view of its literary as well as religious affinities and significance. His introduction fixes the place of the book in the history of Greek literature as well as of the religious development of the Jews, and his running commentary similarly illustrates the text from both points of view. The translation is in straightforward English. The Greek text is that of H. St. J. Thackeray and the brief critical notes that accompany it are by Professor Hadas.

The Bible Knowledge Background Commentary

Author : Craig A. Evans

ISBN10 : 9780781438681

Publisher : David C Cook

Number of Pages : 540

Category : Religion

Viewed : 1432

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Book Summary: Examines the environment of the New Testament in an attempt to analyze the scriptures more accurately and apply the correct interpretation.